Fracking explained: opportunity or danger

  • Published: 03 September 2013
  • Fracking explained in five minutes.
    Fracking is a controversial topic. On the one side the gas drilling companies, on the other citizen opposed to this drilling method. Politicians are also divided on the matter.
    We try to take a neutral look on fracking. It is relevant for all of us, because of high prices for energy and the danger for our drinking water.
    This video focuses mostly on the debate currently ongoing in europe. In a lot of european countries there is a public outcry against fracking, espacially in germany. But the facts in this video are relevant to all of us.
    Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science.
    We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :)
    Support us on Patreon so we can make more videos (and get cool stuff in return):
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    Fracking explained: opportunity or danger
    Help us caption & translate this video!

Comments • 7 372

  • Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
    Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell   6 bulan yang lalu

    There's brand new stuff in the Kurzgesagt Merch Shop. Check it out here:

    • Alex Smith
      Alex Smith  Bulan Yang lalu

      They don’t pump the fracking fluid back into the well. Most of the fluid is recycled.

      • Monkey Smart
        Monkey Smart  2 bulan yang lalu

        @Kalaiyarasan Artking after effect and illustrator

        • Kalaiyarasan Artking
          Kalaiyarasan Artking  2 bulan yang lalu

          What a software animation you are using

          • Zachary Authier
            Zachary Authier  3 bulan yang lalu

            Do you have a list of studies on this topic?

            • due whit
              due whit  10 jam yang lalu

              They really are trying to destroy the fucking planet.

              • Javier Medina Moreno
                Javier Medina Moreno  Hari Yang lalu

                No mention of seismic danger? I heard news of earthquakes shortly after fracking operations were performed.

                • Pearlie Grace
                  Pearlie Grace  Hari Yang lalu

                  this is a disaster waiting to happen

                  • Cha Cha
                    Cha Cha  2 hari yang lalu

                    A simple question... *"What's the point of money when you're already dead?"*

                    • Kristo Mefisto
                      Kristo Mefisto  3 hari yang lalu

                      Fracking!we are want fracking! Fracking is good for humans and bad for nature!⛽⛽⛽⛽⛽🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️⛽⛽⛽🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️

                      • puirYorick
                        puirYorick  3 hari yang lalu

                        It's insane to even risk your own fresh water supply for this temporary profit. Nevermind all the other issues. There are safer reactors and other energy sources to explore.

                        • Elomino Pee
                          Elomino Pee  3 hari yang lalu

                          Wait! HOW IS THE NATURAL GAS IS EXTRACTED?

                          • Sean Smith
                            Sean Smith  5 hari yang lalu

                            yaaaaaa I love earthquakes

                            • mohammed sheriff
                              mohammed sheriff  6 hari yang lalu


                              • Mii Daddy
                                Mii Daddy  7 hari yang lalu

                                compresse the water ?

                                • Mason McDonald
                                  Mason McDonald  8 hari yang lalu

                                  What the frack :)

                                  • LegenDNeweR
                                    LegenDNeweR  8 hari yang lalu

                                    Watching Kurzgesart videos without birds is weird

                                    • ilham ali
                                      ilham ali  5 hari yang lalu

                                      If you are man, you can look your own bird

                                      • MaTaN Elgrabli
                                        MaTaN Elgrabli  14 hari yang lalu


                                        • W.D Gaster
                                          W.D Gaster  14 hari yang lalu

                                          We need to stop sealing the fracing fluid underground and keep it elsewhere

                                          • Dig Bick
                                            Dig Bick  14 hari yang lalu

                                            Get the frack out of here!!!!!!

                                            • Koltin Nilam
                                              Koltin Nilam  15 hari yang lalu

                                              Frack off

                                              • GuitWick
                                                GuitWick  15 hari yang lalu

                                                I wonder if we are here to destroy this planet. Its the best thing we are good at

                                                • Tony Montana
                                                  Tony Montana  16 hari yang lalu

                                                  There's plenty of gas it's just they want prices up

                                                  • Scott Benedict
                                                    Scott Benedict  17 hari yang lalu

                                                    If Leo DiCaprio and Barack Obama would stop flying all over the place for parties, events and award shows, we could save the planet.

                                                    • michael bayer
                                                      michael bayer  18 hari yang lalu

                                                      ... ist doch nur auslutschen bis zum geht nicht mehr.

                                                      • Neal Thomson
                                                        Neal Thomson  20 hari yang lalu

                                                        They are trying to kill all you merican people , WAKE UP FOLKS :) TGC:)

                                                        • Neal Thomson
                                                          Neal Thomson  20 hari yang lalu

                                                          You know that mining using water as a digging/washing tool was banned a long time ago in America. . . What's changed. . . Ooooh yes. MONEY! :( TAKE GOOD CARE :)

                                                          • cacamalformd
                                                            cacamalformd  20 hari yang lalu

                                                            Solar, wind,thorium and maybe wood and charcoal but no coal, is the way

                                                            • Craig T
                                                              Craig T  23 hari yang lalu

                                                              I've noticed that I have a slightly stronger feeling of hope and optimism when I watch the videos you make on how Humanity, could somehow be annihilated.

                                                              • Aryan Kishor
                                                                Aryan Kishor  23 hari yang lalu

                                                                Fracking must be outdated

                                                                • Ted Bishop
                                                                  Ted Bishop  25 hari yang lalu

                                                                  I got a job "fracking" oil wells in 1961, in N. Texas. We have been fracking wells for over 50 years.

                                                                  • René L
                                                                    René L  22 hari yang lalu


                                                                    • Eugene Balfour
                                                                      Eugene Balfour  25 hari yang lalu

                                                                      Do you know the long term effects? *LARGER EARTHQUAKES*

                                                                      • Torin Koehler
                                                                        Torin Koehler  23 hari yang lalu

                                                                        It's not too bad, now that we don't frac with graphite. But yes, the potential for more frequent earthquakes is there.

                                                                        • ChaZ-E
                                                                          ChaZ-E  25 hari yang lalu

                                                                          Finally no ad in the end.

                                                                          • Dorothy Isidro
                                                                            Dorothy Isidro  26 hari yang lalu

                                                                            *F R A C K I N G* 🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️🛢️ ⛽⛽⛽⛽⛽⛽⛽⛽⛽

                                                                            • Manish Holla
                                                                              Manish Holla  29 hari yang lalu

                                                                              Water cannot be compressed....

                                                                              • William Njoroge
                                                                                William Njoroge  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                ENVIRONMENT WILL BE NO MORE

                                                                                • Turbo 86
                                                                                  Turbo 86  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                  Tycoons; fracking is profitable, lets do it! The public; is fracking dangerous? Tycoons; fracking is profitable, lets do it!

                                                                                  • dick castle
                                                                                    dick castle  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                    Let's poison the groundwater... thts a great idea

                                                                                    • Paulo Constantino
                                                                                      Paulo Constantino  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                      THEY SAY NOTHING OF WHATS IN THE CHEMICALS ??? THAT IS BEYOND RIDICULOUS.

                                                                                      • Antonio Farah
                                                                                        Antonio Farah  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                        First video with out a bird

                                                                                        • Malcolm Middleton
                                                                                          Malcolm Middleton  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                          It's not from drilling and filling Wells, it's because social media wants you to make a fool of you. If that was the case . . .

                                                                                          • Tom Meyers
                                                                                            Tom Meyers  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                            Po0ping on the sidewalk explained: opportunity or danger Opportunity!. No one stopping it. Must be ok. If it presented a danger then the liberals would be marching roun screamin an stuff.

                                                                                            • Tom Meyers
                                                                                              Tom Meyers  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                              Medicare for all explained: Da po pepos flood in from overpopulated failed countries. Then you pay fo deys health care. K?

                                                                                              • noah ketcher
                                                                                                noah ketcher  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                Fracking....where they're exempt from the fresh water act, 200,000 lbs of mineral desolving chemical mixture. Worse than hydrocloric acid.

                                                                                                • el che
                                                                                                  el che  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                  "When we Indians kill meat, we eat it all up. When we dig roots, we make little holes. When we build houses, we make little holes. When we burn grass for grasshoppers, we don't ruin things. We shake down acorns and pine nuts. We don't chop down the trees. We only use dead wood. But the white people plow up the ground, pull down the trees, kill everything. ... the White people pay no attention. ... How can the spirit of the earth like the White man? ... everywhere the White man has touched it, it is sore." Wintu Woman, 19th Century

                                                                                                  • Blaise Marsh
                                                                                                    Blaise Marsh  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                    Some comments: Logical, Scientific Most comments: FRACK SOUNDS LIKE FUCK HA.

                                                                                                    • Adrian Alvarez
                                                                                                      Adrian Alvarez  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                      Las proporciones con las que se usa en relación al agua no generar ningún inconveniente a la salud a demás una se usa para desparacitar (benzol) y el otro para limpiar es un acido organico (ácido fórmico).

                                                                                                      • Adryan
                                                                                                        Adryan  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                        Where I can find the soundtrack of this video??? Nice episode!

                                                                                                        • Electronaut Zero
                                                                                                          Electronaut Zero  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                          Misinformation and lies in a slick presentation.

                                                                                                          • cole pellegrin
                                                                                                            cole pellegrin  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                            To end this whole debate: Renewable energy will not work -thorium reactors seems cleaner and more effective but one, you need to kick start the reaction unlike you do with uranium, and thorium reactors also have nuclear by products such as iodine-129 which has a half life of 15.7 million years. So where are we going to put all that nuclear waste? -wind energy relies on well wind. It relies on how hard the wind will blow and when the wind isn’t blowing then you basically have a big metal fan that is responsible for killing birds, hundreds of thousands so far. -solar energy, seems alright right? Well here’s the problem, besides being very expensive and materials lacking, they have issues on locations. If you live somewhere where it’s sunny all the time and have the money and space then you’re golden, but solar panels aren’t 100% especially when it’s cloudy. Again you’re depending on weather for your energy. Not to mention there will be surpluses of energy and droughts, example, the winter solstice has the longest night out of the year, during that time you won’t have as much energy, during the summer you’ll have to much. Now you can rely on batteries and capacitors but then you’re producing more problems since the manufacturing of batteries is more harmful for the environment. -hydroelectric dams, now what could be wrong with water? Well again, relying on weather, the dams rely on how much it rains and that isn’t very predictable. Sure the weatherman can say you’ll get this many inches but how often will that be constant and how many times a year is it going to rain in certain locations? Not to mention building damns will destroy the ecosystem, you’ll change fish migrations and destroy habitats for other animals and even people. -geothermal, now this is interesting but its biggest draw back is location location location, it relies on hotspots to produce electricity so unless you’re sitting on a mini volcano I doubt this will work for you. -biomass, this is possibly the worst out of all. Relying on burning of bio products doesn’t seem bad because hey we burn wood to make fires for warmth and to cook. Well you’re also relying on burning plants, trees, crops, and yes, poopy. While burning things on its own is bad enough releasing toxins into the environment especially methane from the poo poo, it requires sole dedication to just that. More space will be needed to keep up with the increase in demand for trees and crops which would lead to deforestation and again destroying ecosystems not to mention how large the biomass plants will need to be. Now the biggest 2 issues besides not being as constant and predictable as fossil fuels is THEY ARE FAR LESS ENERGY EFFICIENCT and REQUIRE GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES TO OPERATE. Why should we increase taxes for energy that isn’t reliable and can cause more harm then good? I’m all for renewable energy that works but none of these will work. If you have a good renewable energy with little to no problems that doesn’t rely on the weather and can be used anywhere in the world then please tell us because so far there is nothing that’s as efficient or controllable as oil and gas. Does it have problems yes most definitely but it’s cheap, can be used anywhere in the world, doesn’t rely on the weather, doesn’t need to destroy ecosystems, and it just works for more then just energy. All your plastics, are oil, your gas and diesel, oil, lubricants, oil, chemicals may they be household or industrial, oil, Hell even the roads we drive on are made using oil. If you can come up with a better energy source please, let the world know and collect your Nobel prize.

                                                                                                            • Mr. Collins
                                                                                                              Mr. Collins  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                              It's quite "fracking" bad.

                                                                                                              • Allison Colby
                                                                                                                Allison Colby  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                                I really hate robot voices. Especially when something this seriously bad is being relayed. The lack of a human voice diminishes this topic and its dangers and severity. I mean, try and imagine a robot saying something genuine, like," have a nice day," or "i love you." with an absense of spirit, its meaning is diminished. Just saying.

                                                                                                                • Kiran Govind
                                                                                                                  Kiran Govind  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                                  So is this why they are trying to blame methane in the atmosphere on cows?!?

                                                                                                                  • G0ZZ
                                                                                                                    G0ZZ  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                    frag alert *gigantuan explosion*

                                                                                                                    • Memo Rivera
                                                                                                                      Memo Rivera  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                      Thank you guys

                                                                                                                      • Raghu Seetharaman
                                                                                                                        Raghu Seetharaman  2 bulan yang lalu


                                                                                                                        • Jm56Z
                                                                                                                          Jm56Z  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                          So, it's so dangerous for health that only Europe has enough safety level to use it. But it's so polluting that only the US can use it. Obviously, I'm not taking China and India into account.

                                                                                                                          • Nugroho W.
                                                                                                                            Nugroho W.  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                            What the frack.

                                                                                                                            • Edward Day
                                                                                                                              Edward Day  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                              At first I saw it as f*cking explained

                                                                                                                              • Nugroho W.
                                                                                                                                Nugroho W.  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                When mommy earth and daddy pipe love each other..

                                                                                                                                • Hunter Mcgeary
                                                                                                                                  Hunter Mcgeary  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                  Thanks helped me so much

                                                                                                                                  • Mashed potatus
                                                                                                                                    Mashed potatus  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                    Put your stocks on Fracking?

                                                                                                                                    • Ethan Davies
                                                                                                                                      Ethan Davies  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                      Come and frack me Amadeus

                                                                                                                                      • 다 웃자고 하는거죠
                                                                                                                                        다 웃자고 하는거죠  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                        Pro : Oil-independence, so the US doesn't need to station troops in the Middle East anymore. Life of US troops and Arab civilians saved. Defense cost reduced. Con : Long term pollution, with potential threats to water sources...

                                                                                                                                        • OOFPRO_3.0
                                                                                                                                          OOFPRO_3.0  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                          The fracking fricking fluid!

                                                                                                                                          • OOFPRO_3.0
                                                                                                                                            OOFPRO_3.0  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                            A fracking boom A fricking boom

                                                                                                                                            • Cherokee Tears
                                                                                                                                              Cherokee Tears  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                              After watching this video I realized that this extremely pleasant voice belongs to Mr. Steve Tyler 🗣

                                                                                                                                              • Cherokee Tears
                                                                                                                                                Cherokee Tears  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                @Arthur Fields Haha... That would be cool :)

                                                                                                                                                • Arthur Fields
                                                                                                                                                  Arthur Fields  Bulan Yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                  My mind stuttered when I read this as "Steven Tyler". wut.

                                                                                                                                                  • Mr Mavvy
                                                                                                                                                    Mr Mavvy  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                    It's in the fracccckinngg ship!!!

                                                                                                                                                    • Happy Aaron
                                                                                                                                                      Happy Aaron  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                      Our environment will keep getting polluted and the reckless use of Fossil fuels will continue till we run out of these fuels. People are just too ignorant. They see that it's a huge problem and it will result badly but noo. We get these things for free, we make a great profit by selling this, let's just continue till we run out of this stuff. And that's one of the reasons I want these fossil fuel sources to run out. IDC if I die or others die. At least some bastards will learn something.

                                                                                                                                                      • Chaotic Harmony
                                                                                                                                                        Chaotic Harmony  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                        I came here from bo jack horseman I was so confused what the heck it was

                                                                                                                                                        • Austin Mills
                                                                                                                                                          Austin Mills  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                          So you need energy to get energy. Got it😆

                                                                                                                                                          • Shabab Murshed
                                                                                                                                                            Shabab Murshed  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                            I dont get why do they have to put the fracking fluid back to the deep earth whats the purpose

                                                                                                                                                            • Garrett Jeffery
                                                                                                                                                              Garrett Jeffery  17 hari yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                              That doesn't happen. After fracking a well, most of that water is produced back up and through the well. That produced water is then reused in other fracks.

                                                                                                                                                              • aleksander suur
                                                                                                                                                                aleksander suur  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                Presumably it's no good for infinite reuse and you have to dispose of it somewhere. It's probably just the least expensive way of disposing it as above ground disposal would be much more problematic.

                                                                                                                                                                • Rick Sanchez
                                                                                                                                                                  Rick Sanchez  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                  How might we fight this? I have a few trepidations about it, especially sense many companies are hesitant to give out the what is in their mixture

                                                                                                                                                                  • Clark Cunningham
                                                                                                                                                                    Clark Cunningham  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                    Rick, Visiting frac focus will give you all the chemical components pumped in each well. The "names" are not released due to competition between the oil and gas operators. Chemical disclosure to the state is a law in every state I have operated in to date (7). Hopefully this helps.

                                                                                                                                                                    • Monsee
                                                                                                                                                                      Monsee  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                      fracking sounds like a kids friendly f word

                                                                                                                                                                      • Mr Mavvy
                                                                                                                                                                        Mr Mavvy  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                        Guessing you've never watched Battlestar Galactica then lol

                                                                                                                                                                        • Bernardo do Cruzeiro
                                                                                                                                                                          Bernardo do Cruzeiro  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                          Am I wrong in supposing that if chemists didn't sell themselves this wouldn't happen?

                                                                                                                                                                          • moeshickenyay
                                                                                                                                                                            moeshickenyay  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                            Sounds like the responsible way to drill for natural gas?

                                                                                                                                                                            • Cam K
                                                                                                                                                                              Cam K  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                              So in other words there is a market for cleaner fracking fluids

                                                                                                                                                                              • mercanus71
                                                                                                                                                                                mercanus71  23 hari yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                                The term "chemicals" is more ominous than it really is. Yes, there are some dangerous one used, but in very small quantities and rarely. The overwhelming majority of them (over 95%) are simply basic things you can get at the grocery store like guar gum, baking soda and boron (which is in visine eye drops).

                                                                                                                                                                                • Rick Sanchez
                                                                                                                                                                                  Rick Sanchez  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                                  That would be sweet; but I haven't seen or heard of the persuit of such a technology

                                                                                                                                                                                  • Thunderbolt
                                                                                                                                                                                    Thunderbolt  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                                    I believe this caused a magnitude 2.3 earthquake in FL.

                                                                                                                                                                                    • Thunderbolt
                                                                                                                                                                                      Thunderbolt  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                                      The fracking might be mostly in FL... Even worse, it can get in our water because we pump out groundwater from aquifers mainly

                                                                                                                                                                                      • TylerWithAhintOfSalt
                                                                                                                                                                                        TylerWithAhintOfSalt  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                                        I thought that the title meant that they were explaining opportunity or danger and they just used the made up word fracking as a joke

                                                                                                                                                                                        • Param M
                                                                                                                                                                                          Param M  2 bulan yang lalu

                                                                                                                                                                                          anyone here after neduvasal ??